WASHINGTON — A former Army Green Beret captain was accused on Friday of violating espionage laws just after federal investigators mentioned they uncovered proof he joined the military at the behest of Russian intelligence operatives and had betrayed the United States for many years.
The suspect, Peter Rafael Dzibinski Debbins, 45, of Gainesville, Va., was arrested on a conspiracy charge of offering nationwide defense info to Russia in an elaborate spying operation that appeared to start off in 1996, prosecutors mentioned. He turned in excess of delicate military info and the names of fellow services members so Russia could attempt to recruit them, complained that the United States was as well dominant in the planet and accepted income and presents like liquor and a Russian military uniform.
Mr. Debbins is the 2nd former government official in current days to be charged with espionage. A former C.I.A. officer who went on to get the job done on contract as an F.B.I. translator, Alexander Yuk Ching Ma, was arrested final week on costs of offering classified info to the Chinese government.
Mr. Debbins, who after held top rated safety clearances, was scheduled to seem in federal court in Alexandria, Va., on Monday. It was not clear irrespective of whether he had a attorney.
The extraordinary degree of detail in the indictment advised that the Justice Division and F.B.I. could possibly be relying on a cooperator or defector who had accessibility to the delicate, if dated, Russian info and was inclined to testify. In a information release, the American authorities thanked Britain’s law enforcement officials and its domestic spy company, MI-five, suggesting the nation also played a purpose in generating the situation.
“The details alleged in this situation are a surprising betrayal by a former Army officer of his fellow soldiers and his nation,” mentioned Alan E. Kohler Jr., the assistant director of the F.B.I.’s counterintelligence division.
Mr. Debbins’s mom was born in the former Soviet Union, partly prompting his curiosity in Russia, prosecutors mentioned. He met his wife on a single of his very first journeys there her father was a Russian military officer.
He was very first recruited by Russian intelligence in 1996 though learning in Russia, in accordance to an indictment. He informed the Russian operatives he was a “son of Russia” and planned to join the United States military. He later on met with operatives at a military base in Russia, exactly where, prosecutors mentioned, he informed his handlers he desired to “serve Russia,” signing a statement saying so with a code identify they gave him, Ikar Lesnikov.
Prosecutors mentioned Mr. Debbins joined the Army in 1998 just after graduating from the University of Minnesota. All through a tour in South Korea a yr later on, he returned to Russia and met with operatives from its military intelligence company, regarded as the G.R.U. Mr. Debbins informed his handlers about military routines and mentioned he desired to depart the Army, but they encouraged him to stay.
At a single stage in the meeting, the Russians asked Mr. Debbins irrespective of whether he was actually a spy for American intelligence. He denied the accusation, insisting he loved and was committed to Russia. He even agreed to get a polygraph, however Russia by no means subjected him to this kind of a check.
Later on, Mr. Debbins met with the G.R.U. in Moscow and explained his strategies to join the United States Particular Forces. The G.R.U. pushed him to join, saying he was of no use to Russian intelligence as an infantry commander and supplied him $one,000, which Mr. Debbins at first declined. He at some point relented, accepting the income and signing for it by yet again utilizing his code identify.
Whilst in the Particular Forces, Mr. Debbins traveled to Russia in 2003. All through his meetings with the G.R.U., Russian intelligence officials supplied to give him education on how to beat a polygraph. They plied him with presents this kind of as a bottle of cognac and the Russian military uniform.
Mr. Debbins completed lively duty in the Army in 2005 until eventually he was eliminated from his command in Azerbaijan simply because of a safety violation. He was then honorably discharged, prosecutors mentioned.
In about 2008, Mr. Debbins after yet again manufactured his way to Russia, offering facts about his unit’s mission and routines in Azerbaijan and Georgia. He informed the Russians at a single stage that he was revealing the facts simply because he was “angry and bitter” about his time in the Army and that the United States desired to be “cut down in dimension.”
Immediately after he completed lively duty, Mr. Debbins lived in Minnesota from 2005 to 2010, functioning for a Ukrainian firm. He served in the United States Army’s inactive reserve from 2005 until eventually 2010.
In accordance to the indictment, he traveled to Russia a single final time in 2010, emphasizing to his handlers that he desired to pursue company there but that his handlers encouraged him to get a work with the American government.
In past large-profile espionage situations, the F.B.I. and C.I.A. have relied on spies overseas or defectors to enable expose Russian intelligence operatives functioning in the United States or Americans functioning for Russia. One particular of the most well known situations concerned Robert Hanssen, a former F.B.I. agent who gave Russia immense quantities of delicate info, like the names of Russian agents functioning as moles for the United States and other American intelligence sources, some of whom had been later on executed.
A former Russian intelligence official implicated Mr. Hanssen, offering paperwork to the F.B.I. that demonstrated his betrayal. He was arrested and later on sentenced to existence in prison, and the Russian former official was resettled to the United States.