Wed. Jan 27th, 2021
Court in Pakistan Bans ‘Virginity Tests’ in Sexual Violence Cases


KARACHI, Pakistan — A court in the northern city of Lahore in Pakistan has abolished so-known as virginity exams, which ladies are subjected to in sexual assault scenarios, setting a precedent for the practice to be possibly outlawed nationwide.

The practice — banned in neighboring Afghanistan, India and Bangladesh — continues to get spot in Pakistan and far more than a dozen other nations wherever it is viewed as a measure of virtue and of whether or not a girl is reliable.

If two fingers can be quickly inserted into the vagina, supporters of the practice say, it exhibits that a girl is not a virgin, and hence lacks moral authority to make an assault or rape accusation.

The petitioners — a group of ladies that involves a sociologist, a journalist, an activist, a attorney and a psychologist, as very well as a member of the reduce household of Parliament — argued that examining whether or not the hymen was intact had no scientific or legal bearing in sexual violence scenarios, and violated constitutional rights to privacy and dignity.

The Lahore Higher Court, in the province of Punjab, agreed on Monday.

“It is a humiliating practice, which is applied to cast suspicion on the victim, as opposed to focusing on the accused,” Justice Ayesha A. Malik wrote.

The ruling was quickly hailed across Pakistan, with no higher-profile public critiques, suggesting it has widespread help.

Women’s rights activists known as it a important phase towards strengthening the investigative and judicial system for victims of sexual violence in a nation wherever rape convictions are uncommon.

“We hope that the judgment will be implemented by all government authorities across the nation to make certain that this kind of unlawful practices are quickly prohibited,” stated Farieha Aziz, a Karachi-based mostly rights activist and a single of the petitioners.

Shireen Mazari, the human rights minister in the government of Prime Minister Imran Khan, wrote in a tweet on Monday that the ruling was a “landmark judgment” towards a “demeaning and absurd” practice.

Editorials in English-language Pakistani newspapers also praised the ruling. “A raped girl demands justice, and that definitely does not call for her sexuality to be positioned in the dock,” a single editorial in The Information stated Wednesday.

Credit score…B.K Bangash/Related Press

Sameer Khosa, a attorney representing the petitioners, stated the court’s judgment could pave the way for a ban on this kind of testing elsewhere in Pakistan.

“It will also finish character assassination and humiliation of victims of rape and sexual assault in court proceedings,” Mr. Khosa stated.

The Sindh Province’s court in Karachi, which is hearing a very similar petition, asked the authorities in December to current recommendations on forensic examinations in sexual assault scenarios steady with internationally acknowledged practices.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has rejected claims in latest many years that a woman’s accusation of rape can be dismissed on the basis of a “virginity check.”

In its judgment, the Lahore court cited a 2010 Supreme Court situation in which the justices ruled that even if a girl did not pass the check, “no blanket authority can be provided to rape her by any one who wishes to do so.”

In its ruling, the Lahore court also viewed as Pakistan’s worldwide obligations. It pointed out that the nation is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Types of Discrimination towards Ladies. Industry experts charged with implementing that treaty have stated there is no scientific or health care basis for “virginity testing” in sexual violence scenarios.

The Planet Wellbeing Organization and United Nations stated in a 2018 report urging nations to ban the practice that it “reinforces sociocultural norms that perpetuate women’s inequality, like stereotyped views of female morality and sexuality, and serves to physical exercise manage above ladies and ladies.”

Nevertheless, W.HO. says the practice persists in at least twenty other nations, wherever it is applied not just in criminal sexual violence scenarios, but also prior to a marriage or even, in Indonesia, to assess employment eligibility.

Legislation in New York State was proposed in 2019 to ban the practice immediately after the rapper T.I. exposed that he took his daughter to a gynecologist each 12 months to make certain that her hymen was nonetheless intact.

In Pakistan, President Arif Alvi issued an ordinance outlawing the so-known as two-finger check nationwide in response to protests above a grisly rape on a highway close to Lahore in September. The ordinance, on the other hand, will lapse immediately after 120 days except if it is voted into law by Parliament, which is unlikely to occur.

The presidential ordinance also says guys convicted of rape can be sentenced to chemical castration.

In a religiously conservative nation wherever believe in in police and the judicial program is minimal, a “virginity test”provides a additional obstacle for rape victims and their households, activists say. They have demanded that investigators depend far more heavily on typical DNA kits to decide the validity of rape accusations.

Dr. Qarar Abbasi, a senior police surgeon in Karachi and a member of a Sindh Province reform committee, stated the exams have been taught in health care college textbooks and applied as a stage of reference for legal practitioners.

He stated the committee was updating the health care curriculum and hoping to retain the services of far more ladies medical doctors who specialize in forensic medication in government hospitals, wherever the police carry proof, as very well as offer you them “training to familiarize themselves with contemporary medico-legal practices in the scenarios linked to violence towards ladies.”

Emily Schmall reported from New Delhi, and Zia ur-Rehman from Karachi, Pakistan.



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